Commercial Driver's License (CDL)
A CDL is required to drive any of the following vehicles:
Commercial Driver’s License Information System (CDLIS)
The CDLIS is a nationwide computer system that enables state driver licensing agencies (SDLAs) to ensure that each commercial driver has only one driver’s license and one complete driver record. A driver's file will include their driving record as well as their medical certification status.
Commercial Learner's Permit (CLP)
Before getting their CDL, commercial drivers will receive their commercial learner's permit (CLP) upon passing the written portion of the CDL exam. They will not have to retake the written exam to get their CDL.
Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV)
A CMV is a vehicle that is used as part of a business, is involved in interstate commerce, and may fit any of these descriptions:
A vehicle with two separate parts - the power unit (tractor) and the trailer. Tractor-trailers are considered combination vehicles.
Commercial Motor Vehicle
A commercial motor vehicle is any vehicle used in commerce to transport passengers or property with either:
Cents Per Mile (CPM)
Drivers are often paid by the mile and it's given in cents per mile, or cpm.
Drive-A-Check Report (DAC)
A truck drivers DAC report will contain detailed information about their job history of the last 10 years as a CDL driver (as required by the DOT).
It may also contain your criminal history, drug test results, DOT infractions and accident history. The program is strictly voluntary from a company standpoint, but most of the medium-to-large carriers will participate.
Most trucking companies use DAC reports as part of their hiring and background check process. It is extremely important that drivers verify that the information contained in it is correct, and have it fixed if it's not.
A tractor which does not have a sleeper berth attached to it. Normally used for local routes where drivers go home every night.
A driver or carrier who transports cargo between regular, prescribed routes. Normally it means a driver will be dedicated to working for one particular customer like Target or Lowes and they will only haul freight for that customer.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
The gross vehicle weight rating, or gross vehicle mass is the maximum operating weight/mass of a vehicle as specified by the manufacturer including the vehicle's chassis, body, engine, engine fluids, fuel, accessories, driver, passengers and cargo but excluding that of any trailers.
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